Recovering an instrument from the waterPhysical oceanography uses the laws of physics to study the structure and dynamics of ocean circulation and water properties, water mass formation, waves, tides, turbulence, and other physical phenomena. We study diverse systems such as hydrothermal vent plumes, estuaries, and the Gulf Stream and use a combination of traditional and novel observational techniques together with mathematical and computer modeling. A better understanding of the physics of the oceans is important for many interdisciplinary problems such as investigating the factors affecting the global carbon cycle, the ocean’s ecosystems, the dynamics of fish populations, and larval transport.


Physical Oceanography Personnel

Physical Oceanography Labs

Publications under Physical Oceanography

Wang Y, Castelao RM, Di Iorio D.  2016.  Salinity Variability and Water Exchange in Interconnected Estuaries. Estuaries and Coasts. :1-13.
Camilli R., Di Iorio D., Bowen A., Reddy C.M, Techet A.H, Yoerger D.R, Whitcomb L.L, Seewald J.S, Sylva S.P, Fenwick J..  2012.  Acoustic measurement of the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well flow rate. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109(50):20235-20239.
Coles VJ, Brooks MT, Hopkins J, Stukel MR, Yager PL, Hood RR.  2013.  The pathways and properties of the Amazon River Plume in the tropical North Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 118(12):6894-6913.
Lavelle J.W, Di Iorio D, Rona P.  2013.  A turbulent convection model with an observational context for a deep-sea hydrothermal plume in a time-variable cross flow. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 118(11):6145-6160.
Castelao RM.  2012.  Sea Surface Temperature and Wind Stress Curl Variability near a Cape. Journal of Physical Oceanography. 42(11):2073-2087.
Castelao RM, Barth JA.  2007.  The Role of Wind Stress Curl in Jet Separation at a Cape. Journal of Physical Oceanography. 37(11):2652-2671.
Castelao RM, He R.  2013.  Mesoscale eddies in the South Atlantic Bight. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 118(10):5720-5731.
Xu Y, Chant R, Gong D, Castelao R, Glenn S, Schofield O.  2011.  Seasonal variability of chlorophyll a in the Mid-Atlantic Bight. Continental Shelf Research. 31(16):1640-1650.
Yager P, Sherrell R, Stammerjohn S, Alderkamp A-C, Schofield O, Abrahamsen P, Arrigo K, Bertilsson S, Garay L, Guerrero R et al..  2012.  ASPIRE: The Amundsen Sea Polynya International Research Expedition. Oceanography. 25(3):40-53.
Xu G, Di Iorio D.  2012.  Deep sea hydrothermal plumes and their interaction with oscillatory flows. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 13(9):n/a-n/a.
Castelao R, Chant R, Glenn S, Schofield O.  2010.  The Effects of Tides and Oscillatory Winds on the Subtidal Inner-Shelf Cross-Shelf Circulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography. 40(4):775-788.
Castelao RM, Wang Y.  2014.  Wind-driven variability in sea surface temperature front distribution in the California Current System. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 119(3):1861-1875.
Castelao RM.  2014.  Mesoscale eddies in the South Atlantic Bight and the Gulf Stream Recirculation region: Vertical structure. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 119(3):2048-2065.
Di Iorio D, J. Lavelle W, Rona P, Bemis K, Xu G, Germanovich L, Lowell R, Genc G.  2012.  Measurements and Models of Heat Flux and Plumes from Hydrothermal Discharges Near the Deep Seafloor. Oceanography. 25(1):168-179.
Yuan Y, Castelao RM, He R.  2017.  Variability in along-shelf and cross-shelf circulation in the South Atlantic Bight. Continental Shelf Research.
Huang W-J, Cai W-J, Castelao RM, Wang Y, Lohrenz SE.  2013.  Effects of a wind-driven cross-shelf large river plume on biological production and CO2 uptake on the Gulf of Mexico during spring. Limnology and Oceanography. 58(5):1727-1735.
Xu G, Di Iorio D.  2011.  The relative effects of particles and turbulence on acoustic scattering from deep-sea hydrothermal vent plumes. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 130(4):1856.
Castelao R.  2011.  Intrusions of Gulf Stream waters onto the South Atlantic Bight shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research. 116(C10)
Castelao R, Glenn S, Schofield O.  2010.  Temperature, salinity, and density variability in the central Middle Atlantic Bight. Journal of Geophysical Research. 115(C10)
Castelao R, Schofield O, Glenn S, Chant R, Kohut J.  2008.  Cross-shelf transport of freshwater on the New Jersey shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research. 113(C7)
Castelao R, Glenn S, Schofield O, Chant R, Wilkin J, Kohut J.  2008.  Seasonal evolution of hydrographic fields in the central Middle Atlantic Bight from glider observations. Geophysical Research Letters. 35(3)
Castelao RM, Mavor TP, Barth JA, Breaker LC.  2006.  Sea surface temperature fronts in the California Current System from geostationary satellite observations. Journal of Geophysical Research. 111(C9)
Castelao RM, Barth JA.  2006.  Upwelling around Cabo Frio, Brazil: The importance of wind stress curl. Geophysical Research Letters. 33(3)
Barth J.A.  2005.  Time-dependent, wind-driven flow over a shallow midshelf submarine bank. Journal of Geophysical Research. 110(C10)
Castelao RM, Barth JA, Mavor TP.  2005.  Flow-topography interactions in the northern California Current System observed from geostationary satellite data. Geophysical Research Letters. 32(24)
Belem AL, Castelao RM, Albuquerque ALuiza.  2013.  Controls of subsurface temperature variability in a western boundary upwelling system. Geophysical Research Letters. 40(7):1362-1366.
Lowell RP, Houghton J, Farough A, Craft K, Larson B, Meile C.  2015.  Mathematical modeling of diffuse flow in seafloor hydrothermal systems: The potential extent of the subsurface biosphere at ocean ridges. Earth and Planetary Science Letters.
Wang Y, Castelao RM.  2016.  Variability in the coupling between sea surface temperature and wind stress in the global coastal ocean. Continental Shelf Research. 125:88-96.
Randall-Goodwin E., Meredith M.P, Jenkins A., Yager P.L, Sherrell R.M, Abrahamsen E.P, Guerrero R., Yuan X., Mortlock R.A, Gavahan K. et al..  2015.  Freshwater distributions and water mass structure in the Amundsen Sea Polynya region, Antarctica. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene. 3:000065.
Larson B, Houghton J, Lowell RP, Farough A, Meile C.  2015.  Subsurface conditions in hydrothermal vents inferred from diffuse flow composition, and models of reaction and transport. Earth and Planetary Science Letters.
Luo H, Castelao RM, Rennermalm AK, Tedesco M, Bracco A, Yager  L., Mote TL.  2016.  Oceanic transport of surface meltwater from the southern Greenland ice sheet. Nature Geoscience. 9:528-532.
Wang Y, Castelao RM, Yuan Y.  2015.  Seasonal variability of alongshore winds and sea surface temperature fronts in Eastern Boundary Current Systems. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 120:2385-2400.
Schutte C., Hunter K.S., McKay P., Di Iorio D., Joye S.B, Meile C.  2013.  Patterns and controls of nutrient concentrations in a southeastern United States tidal creek. Oceanography. 26(3):132-139.
Lai M-J, Meile C.  2015.  Scattered data interpolation with nonnegative preservation using bivariate splines and its application. Computer Aided Geometric Design. :-.
Castelao RM, Barth JA.  2006.  The Relative Importance of Wind Strength and Along-Shelf Bathymetric Variations on the Separation of a Coastal Upwelling Jet. Journal of Physical Oceanography. 36:412-425.